New Zealand was voting Saturday in a cliffhanger election pitting conservative Prime Minister Bill English against charismatic young rival Jacinda Ardern.
The campaign has been the most volatile in recent memory, with momentum swinging from English to Ardern and then back again.
“This election is going to be really close … it’s a drag race between the two big parties,” English said on the hustings Friday, conceding a large undecided vote could prove key.
No party has claimed a majority government in New Zealand’s 120-seat parliament since proportional voting was adopted in 1996 and this election is unlikely to change that.
Opinion polls show either English’s conservative National Party or Ardern’s centre-left Labour could be in a position to form a government late Saturday.
Another possibility is that there will be no winner on the night with both major parties seeking coalition partners to get them over the line.
If that happens, populist anti-immigration campaigner Winston Peters New Zealand First party looms as a potential kingmaker.
Polling booths opened at 9am local time (2100 GMT Friday) and will close at 7pm (0700 GMT).
What do you do on #nzelection day if you can’t talk to voters? @jacindaardern: paint the front fence. @pmbillenglish: coffeeshop photo op. pic南京夜生活,/b0jfk5M0yS
— Nastasya Tay (@NastasyaTay) September 23, 2017
There are 3.2 million registered voters, more than a million of whom cast their ballots early.
Ardern is hoping a high youth vote will counter her recent dip in the polls and has visited universities across the country encouraging students to cast their ballots.
“This is going to come down to whether or not people turn out and vote,” she said Friday.
Candidates do not publicly comment on election day Saturday because of strict Electoral Commission rules banning publication of political material while polling booths are open.
The blackout restricts media reporting to how and where to vote and means there are no exit polls to give the country a gauge of how the election is progressing.
0:00 National Party ahead of Labour before poll Share National Party ahead of Labour before poll
English’s National Party was in the driving seat to win a fourth term until Ardern took over the Labour Party last month.
The 37-year-old galvanised support for the ailing centre-left party, giving it a 20-point popularity boost to bring it level with National.
Arden accuses the government of inertia, saying that after three terms it has run out of ideas on issues such as housing affordability and protecting the environment.
Her policy platform includes free tertiary education and slashing immigration to reduce pressure on housing and infrastructure.
Ardern is bidding to become New Zealand’s youngest leader since 1856 and only the third woman to lead the South Pacific nation of 4.6 million people.
But the “Jacinda-mania” phenomenon waned as English attacked her financial credibility while pointing to his economic record over the past nine years.
The 55-year-old ex-farmer and father-of-six, who took over as prime minister when John Key stepped down last December, argues only National can maintain strong economic growth.
English also wants to make amends for his last leadership foray in 2002, when National slumped to a record defeat and won barely 20 percent of the vote.
0:00 Jacinda vs Bill: The race for New Zealand Share Jacinda vs Bill: The race for New Zealand
While tipping a close race, he is confident National can win a fourth term, a feat no New Zealand government has achieved in more than 50 years.
The wildcard for both English and Ardern is Peters, whose party could decide the outcome of the election if it is as tight as polls predict.
The 72-year-old political veteran has shown in the past that he will back either side if the right offer is made.
In 1996, he helped instal a National-led government in return for being made deputy prime minister, then in 2005 he joined a Labour coalition after being given the job of foreign minister.
He has been coy about who he would support in this election, adding another layer of uncertainty to a white-knuckle vote.
0:00 Up to the voters now: Ardern Share Up to the voters now: Ardern