Schoolgirl’s story about fleeing Islamic State wins Australian writing competition

Sarah Sona was only eleven when her family fled Iraq.

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Islamic State militants invaded her small village of Qaraqosh in 2014 vowing to kill all Christians.

“I was very scared and nervous because we could hear people screaming. My neighbours were telling us [her family] to run away because there was no where we could stay, they would just kill us”, the Year 6 student from St Dominic’s Primary School Broadmeadows told SBS World News.

Sarah has now been awarded the Young Journalist award by the Australian Catholics magazine for her entry detailing her harrowing journey from her small village in Iraq to Melbourne’s northwestern suburb of Broadmeadows.

The theme for this year’s competition was Justice Heroes with students asked to write about a hero from their own community.

Sarah’s family first escaped to Erbil and travelled to Jordan. Here, members of the humanitarian charity, Caritas, took Sarah and her family into their care. 

Sarah based her story around this organisation that she says made her family’s life in Australia possible.

“They [Caritas Jordan] are the real justice heroes and I will never forget them”, Sarah’s entry reads. 

Caritas Jordan have been working with refugees since the escalation of violence in 2010.

There are 165 Caritas agencies globally working to end poverty and promoting justice. Caritas Jordan has been in partnership with Caritas Australia working on programs for refugees fleeing attrocitieis in Syria and Iraq.

Sarah Sona says her Justice Heroes are the Caritas Jordan volunteers.Caritas Australia

Humanitarian program coordinator at Caritas Australia, Suzy McIntyre, said Sarah’s piece highlighted the significance of work by organisations like Caritas to protect refugees. 

“Sarahs piece is very significant for Australians to understand the work being done like Caritas for refugees”, Ms McIntyre told SBS World News.

Ms McIntyre said she was so uplifted by Sarah’s piece that she contacted Caritas Jordan to notify them straight away.

“I sent them an email to share the story. I think they were touched that Sarah was able to express personal gratitude to them”, McIntyre said. 

The life I’v nw wd’t have been possible without @CaritasJordan #justice #heroes #Sara #Iraqi_refugees @CaritasAust 南京桑拿,南京SPA,/Hi1Tu9ebIK

— Caritas Jordan (@CaritasJordan) September 9, 2017

 Sarah spoke only a few words of English when she arrived to Australia last year. She says Caritas introduced her to English.

“When I was in Jordan, some teachers from Caritas came and they started teaching me writing”, Sarah told SBS World News.

“I knew the letters but I didn’t know how to read. They started showing me easy words, like apple and banana and I started learning quickly.

“I always thought English was really hard and impossible to learn but here I am”, Sarah says.

Sarah with Caritas Australia staff member, Megan Bourke, at the Awards Ceremony.Caritas Australia  

Sarah, an aspiring author, says writing is an integral part of her life. 

“I think I can make my imagination work pretty well and I can be free. When I’m angry, I write – and it just makes me feel better”, Sarah says.

This is the first time Sarah has openly penned her journey from Iraq to Australia and says her winning entry has given her a taste of what it would be like to accomplish her dream.  

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Apps help treat mild depression: study

Smartphone apps can be an effective treatment option for people with mild to moderate depression, according to a new international research review.

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With mental health services struggling to meet the demand for treatment, researchers from Australia’s National Institute of Complementary Medicine (NICM), Harvard Medical School, The University of Manchester and the Black Dog Institute examined the efficacy of smartphone-based treatments for depression.

Researchers systematically reviewed 18 randomised controlled trials which examined a total of 22 different smartphone-delivered mental health interventions.

The meta-analysis involved more than 3400 male and female participants between the ages of 18-59 with a range of mental health symptoms and conditions including major depression, mild to moderate depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety and insomnia.

Overall, the smartphone apps “significantly”reduced people’s depressive symptoms, according to the findings published in journal World Psychiatry.

“The main analysis found that smartphone interventions had a moderate positive effect on depressive symptoms, with no indication of publication bias affecting these findings,” the authors wrote.

“However, our subgroup analyses found that the effects of smartphone interventions were substantially larger when compared to inactive than active control conditions.”

After accounting for population type, the significant benefits of smartphone apps were only found for those with self-reported mild-to-moderate depression.

“Nonetheless, the nature of smartphone interventions does appear to position them as an ideal self-management tool for those with less severe levels of depression. The observed effects indicate that these interventions are well-placed for delivering low-intensity treatment within a stepped-care approach, or even prevention of mild-to-moderate depression among the millions of people affected by subclinical symptoms,” the authors concluded.

Despite the promising early results, there is currently no evidence to suggest that using apps alone can outperform standard psychological therapies, or reduce the need for antidepressant medications, the authors cautioned.

Earlier this year, consumers were urged to be cautious about the plethora of ‘mindfulness’ apps now available in the booming digital health market.

Dr Quinn Grundy, a postdoctoral research fellow in the University of Sydney’s Faculty of Pharmacy based at the Charles Perkins Centre, said while apps have the potential to deliver tailored, accessible and cost-effective mental health services, greater regulation was needed.

Dr John Torous at Harvard Medical School agrees patients and doctors are faced with a vast array of mental health apps, and says for this reason it’s “imperative” more research is done.

“This research provides much-needed information on the effectiveness of apps for depression, and offers important clues into the types of apps which can help patients manage their condition,” Dr Torous said.

Readers seeking support and information about suicide prevention can contact Lifeline on 13 11 14.

Suicide Call Back Service 1300 659 467.

MensLine Australia 1300 78 99 78.

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Bird in hand means future bright: Bennett

The addition of Jack Bird and another year of finals experience means Brisbane are a step closer to another elusive NRL premiership, according to coach Wayne Bennett.

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The Broncos fell short in their quest to break an 11-year drought when they were over-run by Melbourne, who put on 22 unanswered second half points for a 30-0 victory in Friday’s preliminary final at AAMI Park.

Brisbane’s kicking game let them down while they failed to build any pressure on the Storm in the second half with some poor attacking choices.

But Bennett said Cronulla utility Bird, who signed a four-year deal in May worth about $4 million, would be a strong addition.

“The bridge is not long, it’s pretty short,” Bennett said of their journey to a title.

“We’ve got Jack Bird coming next year, we’ve got quality players there – we’re on this journey to get ourselves in a situation where we can’t get exposed like we did (against the Storm).

“Next year we’ll be older and smarter, we need to play in these games, these guys need to get the experience.”

Bennett lamented the injury toll at his club and said the side rarely played the same spine throughout the season, losing hooker Andrew McCullough for the year with a knee injury while others were in and out of the line-up.

“I’ve been in a lot of finals series and a lot of seasons and I’m going to tell you the best thing is constant players – the same team every week, you crave for that,” Bennett said

“To put the same 17 on every week and that gives you confidence and belief and we haven’t managed that.

“It’s the best thing you can have going into the finals.”

Skipper Darius Boyd missed their last two games after suffering a hamstring injury in round 26. The gamble of playing him underdone on Friday backfired and he was forced off early in the second half.

Bennett likened it to his club’s 2002 finals campaign, when Allan Langer broke his thumb late in the season and returned but couldn’t stop the Broncos crashing out in the preliminary finals.

“When Alf came back in for the play-offs like Darius did he wasn’t the same player he was before,” Bennett said.

“We needed what Darius brings and what Alf brought in that era so it does have an impact.”

Fearing far-right surge, Merkel tells Germans to vote on Sunday

With many voters viewing a fourth term for Merkel as almost inevitable and turned off by a turgid campaign – occasionally punctured by heckling and tomato hurling in protest at Merkel’s refugee policy – pollsters say turnout may be low.

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A GMS poll on Thursday said those not planning to vote or were undecided numbered 34 percent, higher than the 29 percent who did not vote in the last election in 2013.

“My request to everyone is that they vote, and vote for those parties that adhere 100 percent to our constitution,” Merkel told MDR radio on Thursday, pointing to the AfD which has been likened by some commentators to Hitler’s Nazis.

Some of its members have called for Germans to rewrite the history books on Nazi era and the party has been dogged by rows over Holocaust denial, a crime in Germany.

0:00 SBS Chief International Correspondent talks to AfD candidate Leif-Erik Holm. Share SBS Chief International Correspondent talks to AfD candidate Leif-Erik Holm.

Although polls show conservative Merkel, trusted by stability-loving Germans to stand up to unpredictable leaders in the United States, Russia and Turkey, is on track to win, the shape of her coalition is wide open.

Most pollsters say a low turnout could boost the AfD which has gained popularity by focusing on migration and security.

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Poised to be the first far-right party to enter Germany’s parliament in over half a century, comments by some top members have caused outrage. This month, one leader said Germany should be proud of its soldiers achievements in World War Two.

Allensbach pollster Renate Koecher told Die Zeit weekly that much depended on turnout. “Willingness to vote” was strongest among conservative and AfD supporters, she said. Most undecideds were FDP, Green and Left voters, indicating that a higher turnout would help the smaller parties on the left, she said.

The two biggest blocs have dipped slightly in most polls in the last month or so while some of the smaller parties have inched up.

In the GMS survey, the AfD was up two points at 10 percent.

0:00 Martin Schulz’s SPD campaigning on ‘a future plan for modern Germany’ Share Martin Schulz’s SPD campaigning on ‘a future plan for modern Germany’

Merkel’s conservative bloc slipped one percentage point to 37 percent and her main opponent, the Social Democrats (SDP), were unchanged on 22 percent. SPD leader Martin Schulz has also urged his supporters to vote, saying “everything is still possible”.

In a highly unusual intervention this week, Merkel’s right-hand man Peter Altmaier, head of the chancellor’s office, stirred controversy by suggesting it would be better for Germans not to vote at all rather than vote for the AfD.

SPD Justice Minister Heiko Maas accused him of helping the AfD. “Telling people not to vote is helping the AfD’s campaign, that’s exactly what they want,” he said.

The latest surveys suggest coalition options are limited to another grand coalition of Merkel’s conservatives with the SPD or a three-way “Jamaica” alliance of the conservatives, FDP and Greens which could limit Merkel’s room for maneuver on euro zone reform.

“Before the last-minute mobilization efforts by parties, the only realistic coalition option, apart from a grand coalition, is one of the conservatives, FDP and Greens,” said GMS.

Both the Greens and FDP – who are at opposite ends of the political spectrum – have played down the likelihood of joining forces, fearing it would put off their voters. But on Thursday, FDP leader Christian Lindner struck a more positive note.

“One has to go into government. The FDP is enthusiastic about going into government. But only if it can implement good things. If not, then we won‘t,” he told Die Welt.

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Zuckerberg agrees to hand Russia-linked Facebook ads to Congress

News of the decision came with word that Facebook is cracking down on efforts to use the leading social network to meddle with elections in the US or elsewhere.

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“It is a new challenge with internet communities having to deal with nation states trying to subvert elections,” Zuckerberg said in a live video presentation streamed on his Facebook page.

Zuckerberg announced a series of steps that would help prevent the manipulation of the social network including more transparency on political ads appearing on Facebook.

“We’re going to bring Facebook to an even higher standard of transparency,” he said.

“Not only will you have to disclose which page paid for an ad, but we will also make it so you can visit an advertiser’s page and see the ads they’re currently running to any audience on Facebook.”

Facebook earlier this month agreed to hand over information about the ads from Russian entity known as the Internet Research Agency to special counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation of the 2016 election and on Thursday decided to turn over the information to congressional investigators.

“We believe it is vitally important that government authorities have the information they need to deliver to the public a full assessment of what happened in the 2016 election,” Facebook general counsel Colin Stretch said in a blog post.

An internal Facebook review showed that Russia-linked fake accounts were used to buy ads aimed at exacerbating political clashes ahead of and following the 2016 US presidential election.

Some 470 accounts spent a total of approximately $100,000 between June 2015 to May 2017 on ads that touted fake or misleading news or drove traffic to pages with such messages, a Facebook official said.

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While the amount of money involved was relatively small, enough to buy roughly 3,000 ads, the accounts or pages violated Facebook policies and were shut down, according to Facebook chief security officer Alex Stamos.

Most of the ads run by the accounts didn’t directly reference the US presidential election, voting, or particular candidates but instead appeared focused on “amplifying divisive social and political messages across the ideological spectrum,” according to Stamos.

Ko confident ahead of New Zealand Open

Former world No.

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1 Lydia Ko says her confidence is rising as she prepares to play in the New Zealand Open next week in front of her home country, near the end of a lacklustre year.

Ko says she has taken heart from her third-place finish last week at the Evian Championship, the season’s final major.

Ko bogeyed the final hole to miss a place in a playoff as she chased her first tournament victory in 14 months.

Despite having nine top-10 finishes in 20 starts, Ko has had a difficult 2017 after making changes to her swing and changing her clubs, coach, and caddie.

But Ko believes she is coming into form in time for her national open, which will be a US LPGA Tour event for the first time.

She said in Auckland on Thursday that her apparent loss of form had been over-stated because expectations had been set too high after her long reign as world No. 1.

“I’ve been very fortunate about the things that have happened in my career so far, it’s almost like the expectation level became so high from everyone,” Ko said.

“Every player has their ups and downs and you just have to fight through it, stay positive and work hard, so that’s what I’m going to continue to do.”

Ko said the tour has become increasingly competitive with 20 different winners in 26 tournaments this season.

The last 10 majors have had 10 different winners and Ko will be joined by seven major winners in the New Zealand Open at Auckland’s Windross Farm course.

“The LPGA has so much talent right now that it’s tough to win, you’ve just got to keep fighting,” Ko said.

“Everyone’s so incredibly talented and all the players work so hard and that’s shown by their results. We all sort of motivate each other and that way it improves all of us.”

Trump, EU slap new sanctions on North Korea

After threatening to “totally destroy North Korea” in his first address to the General Assembly, US President Donald Trump signed an executive order targeting foreign companies doing business with North Korea, ratcheting up pressure on Pyongyang.

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In Brussels, the 28-country EU agreed to a ban on investments in North Korea and on EU exports of oil, diplomatic sources said.

Trump said China’s central bank had ordered national banks to curb their dealings with North Korea, describing the move as “very bold” and “unexpected.” 

The threat from North Korea’s nuclear and missile tests has dominated this year’s gathering of world leaders, but divisions remain over how to confront Pyongyang.

0:00 US may have to ‘totally destroy’ North Korea: Trump Share US may have to ‘totally destroy’ North Korea: Trump  

Australian Foreign Affairs Minister Julie Bishop welcomed the new round of sanctions.

Ms Bishop, speaking to reporters at the United Nations in New York on Thursday, said Australia will continue to review the autonomous sanctions it has on North Korea to ensure the rogue regime is compelled to return to the negotiating table and halt its nuclear and missile program.

North Korea in recent weeks detonated its sixth nuclear bomb and has test-fired intercontinental missiles — saying it needs to defend itself against hostility from the United States and its allies.

Washington and its allies hope the tough economic sanctions will sway Pyongyang to come to the table and negotiate an end to its nuclear and missile programs.

The US administration has refused to offer North Korea incentives to open negotiations and has ramped up threats of military action to force leader Kim Jong-Un — whom Trump has dubbed “Rocket Man” — to change course.

But meeting with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and South Korean President Moon Jae-in, Trump said “Why not?” when asked whether there could be a dialogue with North Korea.

Related ReadingSouth Korea warns on ‘accidental’ clashes 

In his address to the UN assembly, Moon struck a different tone after Trump’s fiery speech, saying the crisis needs to be “managed” to prevent an accidental outbreak of war.

Moon said South Korea was not seeking the collapse of its neighbor and was ready to help if Pyongyang decides “to stand on the right side of history” and halts its provocations.

“The situation surrounding the North Korean nuclear issue needs to be managed stably so that tensions will not become overly intensified or accidental military clashes will not destroy peace,” Moon said.

The South Korean leader nonetheless voiced support for sanctions, calling for all nations to implement the latest UN Security Council resolution that bans North Korea’s textile exports and end contracts for guest workers.

The United States has separately imposed unilateral sanctions, some of which target firms from China which is the primary economic partner of North Korea.

0:00 UN chief seeks to avoid war with North Korea Share UN chief seeks to avoid war with North Korea

But the executive order would broaden that approach, in a bid to force Chinese banks and Russian importers to decide between doing business with North Korea or being blacklisted by the United States.

“Our new executive order will cut off sources of revenue that fund North Korea’s efforts to develop the deadliest weapons known to humankind,” Trump said.

At a Security Council meeting later Thursday, US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson was to push for strict enforcement of a new raft of international sanctions targeting North Korea’s exports and its energy supplies.

The council last week adopted the latest sanctions, a significant intensification of the punitive measures aimed at cutting off revenue used by Pyongyang to develop its military programs. But their impact hinges mostly on China. 

Merkel disagrees with Trump 

China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi and his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov, who will also deliver their speeches on Thursday, have called for diplomatic talks and warned that military action would be catastrophic.

Commenting on Trump’s fiery speech, French President Emmanuel Macron surmised that the “military threats can serve a purpose from a tactical point of view” to jolt Pyongyang into changing course.

“When you consider him and his father, it was only when such threats were made that negotiations did happen,” Macron told reporters.

0:00 Trudeau says Canada focusing on deescalating North Korea tensions Share Trudeau says Canada focusing on deescalating North Korea tensions

But German Chancellor Angela Merkel was in “clear disagreement” with Trump, saying in a radio interview that “any kind of military solution is completely deficient.”

Opening this year’s gathering, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned that “fiery talk can lead to fatal misunderstandings” that could ignite a nuclear war, and called for a political solution.

Guterres is due to meet on Saturday with North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong-Ho on the sidelines of the assembly to send out feelers on possible diplomatic talks.

Ri, who takes the podium on Saturday, dismissed Trump’s threats to destroy his country as “a dog’s bark” and said they would have zero impact.

Tony Abbott ‘headbutted’ by same-sex marriage supporter

Former prime minister Tony Abbott says he was “headbutted” by a same-sex marriage campaigner on a Hobart street.

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Mr Abbott said he was walking back to his hotel when he was confronted by a man.

“A fellow sung out at me, ‘Hey Tony’. I turned around and there was a chap wearing a vote ‘yes’ badge,” the former leader told 2GB.

“He says, ‘I want to shake your hand.’ I went over to shake his hand and then he headbutted me.”

Police made contact with Mr Abbott and are investigating the alleged assault.

“Tasmania Police is investigating an alleged assault on Hobart’s waterfront about 4.35pm today involving a 59 year old man from NSW,” the statement read.

0:00 Abbott describes the moment he was ‘headbutted’ by man wearing a same-sex marriage badge Share Abbott describes the moment he was ‘headbutted’ by man wearing a same-sex marriage badge

“Tasmania Police contacted the alleged victim after becoming aware of the claims and the man has tonight made a formal complaint.”

Mr Abbott said the man did not deliver a very good headbutt but he did make contact.

“The only damage was a very, very slightly swollen lip,” he said.

Post by Tony Abbott.

Mr Abbott said a member of his staff who was with him then briefly grappled with the man.

“He ran off swearing his head off,” he said.

“It was just very disconcerting to find that the ‘love is love brigade’… should under the guise of wanting to shake your hand in fact tried to give [me] a so-called Liverpool kiss.

“As he was scarpering away, amidst the ‘effing this and effing that’, it was a ‘you deserve it because of all the things you’ve said’.

“It was pretty clear this was politicially motivated violence.”

Great to have @TonyAbbottMHR in Tas over last few days. Disappointed a yes campaigner would try to assault fmr PM. Must be condemned by all.

— Eric Abetz (@SenatorAbetz) September 21, 2017There is absolutely no place for violence in the marriage equality debate. This is about treating people fairly and with respect & dignity.

— Alex Greenwich MP (@AlexGreenwich) September 21, 2017This is the statement of respect that all staff and volunteers of The Equality Campaign must abide by. pic南京夜生活,/liYUVBknYI

— AU Marriage Equality (@AMEquality) September 21, 2017

Liberal Senator Eric Abetz told the ABC the incident was a reminder of the “ugliness” of the “Yes” campaign.

“Yes, I have seen the former prime minister since that very ugly and unfortunate incident. But can I say, this is not about the former prime minister,” he said on Friday morning.

“This is about highlighting, yet again, another example of the ugliness of the “yes” campaign, the slogan of “Love is love” is unfortunately shown in practice to be intolerance, not wanting people to be able to have their point of view, hold their point of view.”

Cabinet minister Christopher Pyne said no one should be attacked for having a different view on marriage and it must have come as a nasty shock for Mr Abbott.

“It is an un-Australian thing to do and I hope that Tony is okay,” he told the Nine Network.

Deputy Liberal leader Julie Bishop echoed that sentiment. “Violence of any form is never acceptable,” she told reporters in New York.

Opposition Leader Bill Shorten described the attack as unacceptable. 

“I’m glad Mr Abbott isn’t seriously injured and I’ve rung him to say so,” he said on Twitter.

Labor frontbencher Penny Wong said the yes campaign was about hope, respect and unity and the debate should reflect those values.

After the incident, Australian Marriage Equality co-chair Alex Greenwich condemned the attack.

“There is absolutely no place for violence in the marriage equality debate. This is about treating people fairly and with respect & dignity,” he tweeted.

Meanwhile The Equality Campaign said they sought the “dignity and fairness of equal status before the law for all Australians”.

“We are a campaign of respectful conversations, not angry debates, and never confrontations,” a statement said.

Mr Abbott had been in Tasmania lunching with campaigners opposed to gay marriage, including Liberal Party Senator Eric Abetz.

Mr Abbott and Senator Abetz also visited Hobart Airport to inspect the runway, which was extended as a result of funding from the Abbott government.

– with AAP

0:00 Same-sex marriage around the world Share Same-sex marriage around the world

Man jailed for marrying 14-year-old girl in Victoria

 

A man who married a 14-year-old girl in an Islamic ceremony in Melbourne stole her childhood, says the judge who has sent the groom to prison.

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But Mohammad Shakir, who shook and sobbed during his sentencing on Thursday, will spend less than a fortnight more behind bars due to time already served.

County Court Judge Lisa Hannan was satisfied Shakir, 35, knew the girl was 15 or even younger when they wed at the Noble Park mosque in September, 2016.

“What you did was legally wrong and morally indefensible,” the judge told him.

Shakir pleaded guilty to marrying an underage person, a charge attracting up to five years’ jail.

The girl’s mother, who has not been charged, played a supporting role, breaching her moral obligation to her daughter and flagrantly flouting the law, Judge Hannan said.

“She made no attempt to protect her daughter.”

Shakir was repeatedly warned by child protection workers marrying the girl was illegal but told lies to hide his criminality, the judge noted.

She said the victim was vulnerable given her age and the 20-year gap between them was relevant.

The court was told Shakir’s home country of Myanmar is permissive of child marriage but that was no excuse, Judge Hannan said.

“We have one set of laws that govern all who choose to live in our community and those laws must be upheld,” she said.

“The victim was entitled to a childhood you took from her.

“The message must be clear that offending which has the potential to so seriously damage the lives of our children will never be tolerated.”

Shakir was jailed for 18 months but permitted release on a $2000 order after serving one year.

Given time already served, he will be freed within a fortnight and must exhibit good behaviour for six months.

The judge accepted his remorse, disadvantaged history and isolation in Australia with no family, noting good rehabilitation prospects.

Shakir came to Australia by boat and spent time in immigration detention until being released on a bridging visa.

After his jail release, he will sent back to detention but cannot be deported because he is stateless.

His criminal prosecution was the first of its kind in Australia.

Former Imam Ibrahim Omerdic, who officiated the wedding ceremony, was sentenced in June to two months’ prison for his role but immediately released on a two-year bond. He is seeking a judicial review in the Supreme Court.

Dive deeper into the state of underage forced marriage in Australia:

Bishop backs Trump’s fresh North Korea sanctions

Australian Foreign Affairs Minister Julie Bishop has welcomed US president Donald Trump’s harsh new executive order aimed at isolating North Korea and punishing individuals, banks, airlines, shipping and other companies doing business with the rogue nation.

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Ms Bishop, speaking to reporters at the United Nations in New York on Thursday, raised the prospect of Australia also beefing up its sanctions on North Korea in response to its aggressive nuclear and missile program.

Mr Trump’s new executive order grants the US Treasury Department increased authority to target “any individual or entity that conducts significant trade in goods, services, or technology with North Korea” and puts a spotlight on textiles, fishing, information technology and manufacturing industries.

Planes and ships that go to North Korea are banned for 180 days from visiting the US, a plan aimed at disrupting North Korean shipping and trade networks.

“I certainly welcome this announcement,” Ms Bishop said.

“Australia is of the view that we must put maximum economic pressure on North Korea to ensure that it is compelled to return to the negotiating table and Australia will continue to review our autonomous sanctions – that is the sanctions that we impose over and above those mandated by the UN Security Council.”

Mr Trump, at a lunch meeting with South Korean President Jae-in Moon and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in New York, said his new executive order would cut off sources of revenue that fund North Korea’s nuclear and missile program.

However, in a rare statement North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Un said Mr Trump’s threats and sanctions had only hardened his resolve to follow a nuclear path.

Mr Trump also said he was buoyed by reports China’s central bank has told China’s other banks to immediately stop doing business with North Korea.

Ms Bishop is representing Australia at the United Nations General Assembly this week and met with the foreign ministers of Iran and Mexico on Thursday.

Australia and the US veer on the Iran nuclear deal, with Mr Trump threatening to decertify what he describes as “one of the worst and most one-sided transactions the United States has ever entered into”.

Ms Bishop said the nuclear agreement was “the focus” of her discussions with Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif.

“It is the best available option to deal with Iran’s nuclear programs and we certainly wouldn’t want to see it breakdown in the absence of any viable or credible alternative,” Ms Bishop said.

Ms Bishop said she was unaware of any Australian casualties from the 7.1 magnitude earthquake in Mexico that has killed more than 230 people.

She offered Mexico’s Foreign Minister Luis Videgaray Caso Australian expert support in the search effort for survivors, but was told Mexico has sufficient help from US, Israeli and Japanese teams.

Aussies fume over Kohli bye as Wade hurt

Tensions have again flared between Australian players and Virat Kohli after the Indian captain took a bye while Matthew Wade was down injured.

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Wicketkeeper Wade appeared to hurt his arm after fumbling a Marcus Stoinis delivery during India’s second one-day international win in Kolkata on Thursday.

At the non-striker’s end, Kohli took off on the quick run while Wade was hunched over.

It sparked Stoinis to confront Kohli at the end of the over and an angry response from Wade, who fumed at the batsman during the change of ends.

The run-in continues a long list of unsavoury incidents involving the Australians and Kohli, who was on 79 at the time before top-scoring with a first-innings 92.

Kohli declared he will never be friends with any Australian player after this year’s Test series featured plenty of bad blood, but has since backed away from the comments.

But not every Australian was in Wade’s corner, with former Test fast bowler Stuart Clark saying the stoush was a distraction.

“He misfielded one. Whether the Indian batsman knew he was injured or not was probably a secondary question,” Clark told Sky Sports Radio on Friday.

“It’s one run. Is this the biggest issue this team has got? If I’m Matthew Wade and I’m Marcus Stoinis – and full credit to him for standing up for Matthew Wade – I’d be worrying about my own cricket, rather than all this other stuff.

“This is piddly crap.”

Wade was one of a number of Australians who appeared to struggle in the Indian heat in the day fielding session.

The innings was Kohli’s first big score against Australia in any format since his match-winning 82no in the semi-finals of the World Twenty20 in March last year.

“I wouldn’t be saying too much to Virat Kohli. He seems to want to fight with everyone and he seems to play 10 times better when he does fight with people,” Clark said.

Gidley steps down as Knights NRL boss

Newcastle are the lookout for a new chief executive to take them into the future after Matt Gidley announced his intention to step down in November.

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Gidley’s impending departure ends a six-year tenure as boss of the NRL club, which included overseeing the recruitment of Wayne Bennett in 2012-14.

The Knights have collected the past three wooden spoons but are widely believed to be on the way up following a heavy recruitment drive for next season.

Newcastle on Wednesday also credited Gidley’s role in helping the recent ownership takeover from The Wests Group, who are set to deliver a centre of excellence and erase the club’s debts.

Gidley said it was the right time to walk away from the club.

“There is no doubt the club has faced significant challenges in the last decade and we have navigated our way through this period, which has required enormous change to be implemented across the organisation,” Gidley said on Friday.

“The vast majority of this change is now complete and it is an appropriate time for me to take a break.”

The former Knights player thanked the club’s stakeholders for being patient in their attempt to rebuild following the most harrowing period in the team’s history.

Coach Nathan Brown is expected to lift their NRL side out of the doldrums off the back of key recruits Kalyn Ponga, Connor Watson and Aidan Guerra.

Brisbane pair Herman Ese’ese and Tautau Moga will also shift to the Hunter over the summer, joining mid-season acquisition Shaun Kenny-Dowall.

“I would like to thank the board of directors, staff, players, partners, members and supporters for your patience and loyalty while we undertook the arduous task of rebuilding the club,” Gidley said.

“I am very confident the foundations have now been established to deliver the club and the team you all fully deserve.”

‘Political wh***s’: Sam Newman blasts AFL’s stance on same-sex marriage

The ex-footballer, who is nicknamed “Fossil” on the show, unloaded on the AFL and said the sporting body had no right to tell people how to vote.

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“You are nothing more than obsequious, fawning, sycophantic political wh***s. You have no right to get involved in political messages,” Newman said on the Nine Footy Show on Thursday night.

“If this was about the AFL putting Yes on the football about climate change, or save the whales, or greenhouse emissions or whatever, I would have exactly the same opinion,” Newman added.

“But who in the hell are these people at the AFL who are telling the football public what they should do in their lives and who they should vote for in any political agenda. Who are you?”

“Who gives you the right to tell people and to put on the football what people should do.”

The AFL is committed to equality & diversity, & we support the rights of all Australians to live, work & play free from discrimination. pic南京夜生活,/XUoAuEcwzJ

— AFL (@AFL) September 20, 2017

Co-host Eddie McGuire fervently rebuked Newman’s rant and said the AFL was a leading national organisation that was welcoming equality.

The AFL logo at the sporting organisation’s Dockland headquarters in Melbourne showed a striking change on Wednesday morning with the word ‘Yes’ splashed across it.

“The AFL is committed to equality and diversity, and we support the rights of all Australians to live, work and play free from discrimination,” the AFL posted on Twitter.

AFL chief Gillon McLachlan expressed his support for marriage equality on Tuesday night.

“This is something that actually talks to a core value of ours, which is actual equality, that people, based on race, gender, sexuality, shouldn’t be discriminated against,” he told Fox Footy show AFL 360.

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Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull said it was a matter for the AFL which causes it supports.

“I’m not going to tell the AFL or any other organisation how to run their affairs,” Mr Turnbull told 3AW on Friday.

“The AFL has always had a very forward leaning approach on social issues, whether it’s multiculturalism or reconciliation.

“They have always been a very socially progressive organisation and taken a strong stand on the same sex marriage issue for a long time.”

The AFL has previously supported campaigns against racism and street violence, and has promoted the cause of women and indigenous people in the game.